Glossary

Glossary


ai-chudan both players in chudan-no-kamae
kodachi short sword
ashi-sabaki footwork
kote gloves; forearm; strike target
ayumi-ashi walking step
maai fighting distance between two opponents
bokken wooden sword
men headgear, mask; strike target
bokuto wooden sword
men-buton cloth part of men
chigawa loop on either side of the do
men-gane grill part of men
chudan-no-kamae middle guard position
metsuke point of observation
daimyo japanese feudal lord
migi right
datotsu strike or thrust
nidan-waza two-stage technique
debana-waza technique to execute a cut as your opponent is about to cut
noto re-sheathing the sword
do chest protector; a cut to the body
oji-waza counter-attacking technique
gedan-no-kamae lower guard position
okuri-ashi sliding step with leading foot
hakama traditional skirt-like trousers worn for kendo
suriage-waza holding the shinai at the left side of the body
hasaki cutting edge
seiza kneeling position
hasso-no-kamae guard position with shinai held vertically at one’s right side
sensei instructor
hidari left
shiai match
hiki-waza stepping-back technique
shikake-waza technique to initiate a strike
hiraki-ashi sideways step
shinai bamboo sword
hirauchi strike with the flat of the shinai
shomen centre men
honshitsu essence
sonkyo knee-bent squat
irimi fundamental short-sword guard position: action of stepping into your opponents maai
suburi shinai swinging practice
issoku itto no distance at which one can attack in one step
suki opening for attack; unguarded points
jigeiko free practice
suriage-waza rising-slide deflection technique
jodan-no-kamae upper guard position
suri-ashi sliding step
kaeshi-waza reflex deflection technique
tachi long sword
kakarigeiko all-out attack practice
taiatari body check
kamae guard position
tare waist protector
katana sword
tenouchi balanced strength of hands at moment of cut or thrust
katsugi-waza “shouldering the sword” technique
tenugui traditional head towel wore under men
keiko practice
tsuba sword guard
keiko-gi traditional jacket worn for kendo
tsubzeriai close-contact fencing with the shinai’s crossed in a vertical position
kendogu armour
tsugi-ashi short step
kenjutsu the art of the sword
tsuka sword hilt
kesen point of the sword or shinai
tsuka-gashira top of the sword hilt
ki spirit; mental energy
tsuki-dare throat protector on the men
kiai projection of fighting spirit into a voice or cry
tsuru central cord of the shinai
kiguari bearing, pride, dignity
uchi strike
kihaku spirit
uchiotoshi-waza technique in which you strike your opponent’s shinai in his attack and counterattack immediately
kirikaeshi continuous strikes to right and left men alternately
waza techniques
kisei spirit, vigour
waki-gamae guard position with the shinai at one’s side to conceal the it’s length.
kobushi fist
zanshin positive follow-through of strike; mental alertness against an opponents attack.